In spite of being a compact area, the Machu Picchu sanctuary contains an impressive diversity of avifauna. It is due to the rapid succession of the climatic zones within the region. The altitudes of Machu Picchu range between 1725 meters to 6000 meters. There are humid subtropical cloud forests to high puna grasslands. Most of the species of birds surviving in the Andes have comparatively small altitudinal ranges. Each one of those habitats has species which you won’t find anywhere else. The climate of the Urubamba gorge creates unmatched diversity, and it is a paradise, in all respects, for a birdwatcher.
According to surveys, last conducted in 1995, there are approximately more than three hundred and fifty species of birds living in the sanctuary. You can spot almost two hundred of them while hiking the Inca Trail on Birding Tours Package To Peru. A dry climate characterizes the rain shadows of the intermountain valleys with short scattered trees, cacti, and shrubs. An early morning walk through Llaqtapata will reveal an exciting array of birds. The Torrent Ducks will brave the whitewater of the rivers accompanied by their ducklings. In the air, you will notice the Partridge-like Andean Tinamous. The white-capped Dippers will be bouncing from rock to rock in search of crustaceans clinging to the riverside boulders,
The list isn’t over, and there are more birds for you to see on the Birding Tours Package To Peru. Multiple species of Finches will be flitting amidst the shrubbery and the cacti. The loud noises you hear overhead will be from Scarlet-fronted Parakeets. You will spot them quite easily because of their bright green plumes. After that, you must keep your eyes peeled to catch glimpses of brightly-colored Hummingbirds. These airborne creatures are extremely fast as they search for nectar from one flower to the next. Make sure that you’re heading out early to see these birds because most will vanish before the clock hits eleven in the morning.
On higher altitudes
As you move higher, you reach the treeless grasslands commonly known as the puna. Temperatures will be quite low at dawn, but as the sun rises, you will spot many birds. The Ground-tyrants and Terrestrial Flycatchers will be dominating the skies in search of insects to eat. You will also notice eye-dazzling Yellow Finches springing out of the ichu grass while the shadow of a Mountain Caracara passes from above you. A short walk around the region will introduce you to weirdly named birds, like the Puna Ibis, Canasteros, Cinclodes, and Sierra-Finches. Due to the presence of diurnal rodents in the area, you will definitely see the true masters of the sky; the Andean Condor, the Puna Hawk, the Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, and the Cinereous Harrier.
A tapestry of birds
You’ll witness so many winged wonders that you won’t even believe that you’re going to see more. The birds living in the lower altitudes are just the trailer. If you want to watch the movie, then you need to continue your journey towards the higher elevations. A list which comprises the names of all the birds ruling the skies of the Inca Trail will lead to the creation of an encyclopedia. So, you should consider bringing as many films or memory cards as you can to click pictures of them all.
All of the photos on this page were taken by Flavio during his tours. If you are interested in seeing more of Flavio's photos, please visit his page at 500px:
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